Curitiba was founded in 1693. It got
its name from native language of the original habitants
of the region. It means, in Tupi, “Pine Nut Land”.
Curitiba has many pines called Parana that produce a nut
whose nickname in Portuguese is “barata”, meaning roach.
Curitiba became the capital of Paraná in 1853.
Its principle settlers were Europeans from mainly
Germany, Italy, Poland and Ukraine.
The city limits of Curitiba currently
has a population of 1,746,896. Metropolitan Curitiba
consists of 29 municipalities with a total population of
3 172 357 (according to the 2010 census).
Greater Curitiba is the eighth most
populated city in all of Brazil and the most populated
city in southern Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio
Grande do Sul ). It is also cited as being the sixth
most violent capital city in Brazil.
When most people think of South America and Brazil,
they usually think of the tropics - always warm. That is
not true the farther south one travels in South America.
Curitiba sees a dusting of snow on an average of once
every 10 years. In the winter the average temperature is
51.8oF with the coldest month of the year
sometimes getting as low as 35.6oF. The summers are
usually mild with the average temperature being in the
mid-70's, although they do have days when the
temperature will be in the 90's. Curitiba is known for
its constantly changing weather. It is not unusual to
see extreme differences in the temperature in the same