David & Geri The Smiths
  Missionaries to Londrina, Brazil 
Serving with Baptist Mid-Missions since 1987
Victory Baptist Church in Londrina

Curitiba, Paraná

Curitiba was founded in 1693. It got its name from native language of the original habitants of the region. It means, in Tupi, “Pine Nut Land”. Curitiba has many pines called Parana that produce a nut whose nickname in Portuguese is “barata”, meaning roach.  Curitiba became the capital of Paraná in 1853. Its principle settlers were Europeans from mainly Germany, Italy, Poland and Ukraine. 

The city limits of Curitiba currently has a population of 1,746,896. Metropolitan Curitiba consists of 29 municipalities with a total population of 3 172 357 (according to the 2010 census). 

Greater Curitiba is the eighth most populated city in all of Brazil and the most populated city in southern Brazil (Paraná, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul ). It is also cited as being the sixth most violent capital city in Brazil.

When most people think of South America and Brazil, they usually think of the tropics - always warm. That is not true the farther south one travels in South America. Curitiba sees a dusting of snow on an average of once every 10 years. In the winter the average temperature is 51.8oF with the coldest month of the year sometimes getting as low as 35.6oF. The summers are usually mild with the average temperature being in the mid-70's, although they do have days when the temperature will be in the 90's. Curitiba is known for its constantly changing weather. It is not unusual to see extreme differences in the temperature in the same day.

Top Places to See and Visit 
in Curitiba, Paraná
Botanical Garden at sunset Botanical Gardens during the day.
  1. The Botanical Gardens in Curitiba, Paraná, attracts many visitors from far and wide. It was inaugurated in October, 1991. The structure itself was inspired by the Crystal Palace in London from the 19th century. Guided tours are offered.
geometrical garden rachel and rebecca among the flowers at the gardens 
2. The Wire Opera House (Ópera de Arame) - This cultural spot was inaugurated in 1992. It is a three story structure which was built on an old rock quarry. Its structure is made of steel tubes with the roof made of a transparent polycarbonate. The sides are open. There are carp in the lake. There is also a 32.5ft waterfall in the park.
wire opera house overhead view of opera house and surrounding park
entrance to public walkway
3.   The Passeio Público is the oldest public park in the city of Curitiba. It was inaugurated in 1886. In December 1886, the first outdoor public lighting was installed in the park. (It was powered by a small generator.) For many years it was home to the zoo but now only has small animals and birds. It is located in the middle of the city. The gate was constructed in 1910 and patterned after a gate in Paris, France.
24 hour street 24 hour clock  4.   The 24 Hour Street is named so because of the 24 hour clock that is located there. In the picture to the right, one can see that the clock literally marks 24 hours. The inner circle of numbers mark the minutes up to 60 minutes, the outer circle of numbers mark the hours of the day. There is a 24 hour clock on each end of the road. The road is completely covered and is for pedestrian traffic. There are many stores and eating places on each side of the road.

5.    November 15 Road is a road in the middle of downtown that has been turned into a pedestrian road. There are many businesses located on this road. At Christmas time the building below with the ornate roof is beautiful. A children's choir does presentations each weekend with a child and an adult in each window, singing to the public who are gathered below on the street.

ornate building in downtown curitiba






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