Iguazu Falls is a series of
275 waterfalls along 1.8 miles of the Iguazu River. The largest of these
falls is the Devil's Throat. Iguazu Falls separates Paraná, Brazil and
Misiones, Argentina. The actual border between the 2 countries runs through
the Devil’s Throat (part of Iguazu Falls). The Iguazu Falls is second in
size only to Victoria Falls (located between Zambia and Zimbabwe). The
average height of the water falls is 210 ft. with its largest being 269 ft.
Two-thirds of the flow of the
Iguazu River flows over Devil’s Throat. Fourteen waterfalls make make up
the Devil's Throat. Mist from this fall rises anywhere from 100 to 500 ft.
When water levels are lower the shelf that the Devil’s Throat flows over is
visible. When flow is high, the mist is so heavy that one cannot even tell
that a shelf exists.
Drought greatly affects the
falls. During dry seasons, many individual waterfalls can be seen along the
path. During rainy season, many overflow their natural outlets forming
Although the area around the
falls was inhabited by the Guarani Indians, it was first discovered by
Europeans in 1541. The word Iguazu comes from the Guarani language and means
14 miles below the falls is
the Itaipu Dam, constucted by Brazil and Paraguay.