Christ the Redeemer Statue / Corcovado Mountain
famous “Christ the Redeemer Statue” in Rio de Janeiro is one of the most
recognized photo images from Brazil. Over 300,000 people visit this statue
each year. The French donated the statue in honor of Brazil's 100th
Anniversary of their Independence. The statue itself is
about 100 feet high and sits on top of Corcovado
Mountain, which is about 2,400 feet high. This is one
of the highest places in Rio and gives a marvelous
panoramic view of Rio de Janeiro. From the base of the
Christ the Redeemer Statue’s look out one can see just
about all of the major tourist sites in Rio de Janeiro:
Sugar Loaf Mountain, Guanabara Bay, Ipanema Beach (and
most of the other beaches), Copacabana Beach, the
Lagoon, the the Niteroi-Rio Bridge, and much more.
Off site link to photos of Christ the Redeemer Statue:
Sugar Loaf Mountain
Sugar Loaf Mountain is one of the most beautiful photo opportunities in Rio
de Janeiro. There are two high, enormous boulders that are called Urca Hill
and Sugar Loaf Mountain. Urca Hill is 772 feet high (220 meters high) and
is the shorter of the two. The principal mountain is Sugar Loaf which is
the highest at 1,319 feet (396 meters high) according to the official Sugar
Loaf Mt Website. There is a cable car that first takes you to Urca Hill and
then another that takes you up to the top of Sugar Loaf. A James Bond film
was filmed at this sight and had Mr. Jaws jumping from one cable car to
another while it was in motion. From the top of Sugar Loaf one can see
Copacabana Beach, Red Beach, Flamingo, downtown, Christ the Redeemer Statue,
Off site link to photos of Sugar Loaf and Urca Hill:
gallery of Sugar Loaf
This rain forest was the master mind of King Dom Pedro II in 1861. This
rainforest is just a few miles from Rio de Janeiro. This park goes from sea
level to a height of 3315 feet (1020 meters). It has 30 waterfalls and some
300 different plant species and up to 100 animal species.
site link to information & photos of the Tijuca Rainforest:
This is the World´s Largest Soccer Stadium. It will also be one of the main
stadiums for the FIFA World Cup games in
Brazil in 2014.
Off site link:
Maracana Stadium Photos
History of Rio de Janeiro
Rio de Janeiro was discovered on January 1, 1502, by Portuguese explorer
Gaspar de Lemos.
When Gaspar de Lemos entered the bay, he thought he had found the mouth of a
huge river; therefore, he called the name of that river “Rio de January”
means “January River.” The first people to settle the Rio de Janeiro area
were the French. These Frenchmen were harvesting Brazil wood trees, so they
were not really settling the area. In 1555, three French ships of settlers
arrived in the Rio e Janeiro bay. That bay is called Guanabara. The French
settled on a small island in the bay of Guanabara and called their
settlement Antarctic France. In 1560, the Portuguese attacked the poorly
equipped French and were able to expel them from the area. The Portuguese
had problems with the native Tamoio Indians, but eventually they were able
to drive the Tamoio Indians from the area as well. In 1567 the Portuguese
set up a a fortified town (Castelo) on the hill now called "Morro Castelo."
In 1763, the capitol of Brazil was moved from Salvador, Bahia, to Rio de
Janeiro. Rio de Janeiro continued as the capitol of Brazil until 1960 when
the city of Brasilia was being built and the capitol of Brazil moved there.
Rio de Janeiro is one of the most picturesque cities in Brazil with it’s
3,000 feet high mountains that drop right down to the coast line. The
bird's eye views of Rio de Janeiro are incredible. That is one of the
reasons it is called the “Marvelous City.” Crime is a very big problem in
Rio de Janeiro and the police are out gunned by the drug lords. So when one
is in Rio de Janeiro, one should take the guided city tours, be aware of who
is around them, and follow the safety guidelines of their Hotel or tour
guides. If a foreign tourist stays in the tourist areas, he should be
alright. The city of Rio de Janeiro does its best to make sure that the
tourist areas are safe and enjoyable.
Noble, John, Brazil (Melbourne, Australia: Lonely Planet
Publications, 2002), p. 171-172.
Baptist History in Rio de Janeiro
The Southern Baptist Convention makes Rio de Janeiro their headquarters in
Brazil. It is one of their strong holds. Across the bay from Rio de
Janeiro is Niteroi. That city has a SBC [called CBB in Portuguese] church
that runs 5000+.
In 1990, Baptist Mid-Missions missionaries Neal and Alice Smith moved to Rio
de Janeiro and were able to start some churches before they retired. Today,
BMM missionaries have started the following churches in the Metropolitan Rio
de Janeiro area: Jacarepaguá, Ilha do Governador, Campo Comprido (started by
BMM missionaries C. A. and Thelma Nickells), and a work on the Niteroi side
of the bay.